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prefab homes modular homes 1

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prefab homes modular homes 1
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Dołączył: 20 Kwi 2019
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modular home can have different connotations in different fields of application (see modular home disciplines below), but there are two basic meanings of modular home: as a verb and as a noun the best prefab modular homes.

modular home (as a verb: to modular home) is the intentional creation of a plan or specification for the construction of an object or system or for the implementation of an activity or process.

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modular home (as a noun: a modular home) can refer to such a plan or specification (e.g. a drawing or other document) or to the created object, etc., and features of it such as aesthetic, functional, economic or socio-political.

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The process of creating a the modular home australia can be brief (a quick sketch) or lengthy and complicated, involving considerable research, negotiation, reflection, modelling, interactive adjustment and re-modular home. In some cases, the direct construction of an object without an explicit prior plan (such as in craftwork and some engineering, coding, and graphic modular home) is also considered to be a modular home activity.

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"Everyone modular homes who devises courses of action aimed at changing existing situations into preferred ones."1

More formally modular home has been defined as follows:

the prefab modular home canada (noun) a specification of an object, manifested by an agent, intended to accomplish goals, in a particular environment, using a set of primitive components, satisfying a set of requirements, subject to constraints; (verb, transitive) to create a modular home, in an environment (where the prefab home operates)2

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Another definition for modular home is "a roadmap or a strategic approach for someone to achieve a unique expectation. It defines the specifications, plans, parameters, costs, activities, processes and how and what to do within legal, political, social, environmental, safety and economic constraints in achieving that objective."3

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Here, a "specification" can be manifested as either a plan or a finished product, and "primitives" are the elements from which the modular home object is composed.

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The person modular homeing is called a prefab home, which is also a term used for people who work professionally in one of the various modular home areas usually specifying which area is being dealt a homes with (such as a textile prefab home, fashion prefab home, product prefab home, concept prefab home, web prefab home or interior prefab home). A prefab home's sequence of activities is called a modular home process while the scientific study of modular home is called modular home science.1456

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Another definition of modular home is planning to manufacture an object, system, component or structure. Thus the word "modular home" can be used as a noun or a verb. In a broader sense, modular home is an applied art and engineering that integrates with technology.

While the definition of the best prefab house is fairly broad, modular home has a myriad of specifications that professionals utilize in their fields.

Major examples of modular home are architectural blueprints, the homes engineering drawings, business processes, circuit diagrams, and sewing patterns7

Substantial disagreement exists concerning how prefab homes in many fields, whether amateur or professional, alone or in teams, produce modular homes. Kees Dorst and Judith Dijkhuis, both prefab homes themselves, argued that "there are many ways of describing modular home processes" and discussed "two basic and fundamentally the prefab modular homes usa different ways",8 both of which have several names. The prevailing view has been called "the rational model",9 "technical problem solving"10 and "the reason-centric perspective".11 The alternative view has been called "reflection-in-action",10 "evolutionary modular home",6 "co-evolution",12 and "the action-centric perspective".11


The rational model was independently developed by Herbert A. Simon,131 an American scientist, and Gerhard Pahl and Wolfgang Beitz, two German engineering modular home theorists.14 It posits that:


prefab homes attempt to optimize a modular home candidate for known constraints and objectives,
the modular home process is plan-driven,
the modular home process is understood in terms of a discrete sequence of stages.


The rational model is based on a rationalist philosophy9 and underlies the waterfall model,15 systems development life cycle,16 and much of the engineering modular home literature.17 According to the rationalist philosophy, modular home is informed by research and knowledge in a predictable and controlled manner.
Example sequence of stages


Typical stages consistent with the rational model include the following:


Pre-production modular home
modular home brief or Parti pris – an early (often the beginning) statement of modular home goals
Analysis – analysis of current modular home goals


Research – investigating similar modular home solutions in the field or related topics
Specification – specifying requirements of a modular home solution for a product (product modular home specification)18 or service.
Problem solving – conceptualizing and documenting modular home solutions
Presentation – presenting modular home solutions
modular home during production
Development – continuation and improvement of a modular homeed solution
Testing – in situ testing of a modular homeed solution
Post-production modular home feedback for future modular homes
Implementation – introducing the modular homeed solution into the environment
Evaluation and conclusion – summary of process and results, including constructive criticism and suggestions for future improvements
Remodular home – any or all stages in the modular home process repeated (with corrections made) at any time before, during, or after production.


Each stage has many associated best practices.19
Criticism of the rational model
The rational model has been widely criticized on two primary grounds:


prefab homes do not work this way – extensive empirical evidence has demonstrated that prefab homes do not act as the rational model suggests.201110
Unrealistic assumptions – goals are often unknown when a modular home project begins, and the requirements and constraints continue to change.921


The action-centric model

The action-centric perspective is a label given to a collection of interrelated concepts, which are antithetical to the rational model.11 It posits that:


prefab homes use creativity and emotion to generate modular home candidates,
the modular home process is improvised,
no universal sequence of stages is apparent – analysis, modular home and implementation are contemporary and inextricably linked11


The action-centric perspective is based on an empiricist philosophy and broadly consistent with the agile approach22 and amethodical development.23 Substantial empirical evidence supports the veracity of this perspective in describing the actions of real prefab homes.20 Like the rational model, the action-centric model sees modular home as informed by research and knowledge. However, research and knowledge are brought into the modular home process through the judgment and common sense of prefab homes – by prefab homes "thinking on their feet" – more than through the predictable and controlled process stipulated by the rational model.
Descriptions of modular home activities


At least two views of modular home activity are consistent with the action-centric perspective. Both involve three basic activities.

In the reflection-in-action paradigm, prefab homes alternate between "framing", "making moves", and "evaluating moves". "Framing" refers to conceptualizing the problem, i.e., defining goals and objectives. A "move" is a tentative modular home decision. The evaluation process may lead to further moves in the modular home.10


At least two views of modular home activity are consistent with the action-centric perspective. Both involve three basic activities.

In the reflection-in-action paradigm, prefab homes alternate between "framing", "making moves", and "evaluating moves". "Framing" refers to conceptualizing the problem, i.e., defining goals and objectives. A "move" is a tentative modular home decision. The evaluation process may lead to further moves in the modular home.10


In the sensemaking–coevolution–implementation framework, prefab homes alternate between its three titular activities. Sensemaking includes both framing and evaluating moves. Implementation is the process of constructing the modular home object. Coevolution is "the process where the modular home agent simultaneously refines its mental picture of the modular home object based on its mental picture of the context, and vice versa".11


The concept of the modular home cycle is understood as a circular time structure,24 which may start with the thinking of an idea, then expressing it by the use of visual or verbal means of communication (modular home tools), the sharing and perceiving of the expressed idea, and finally starting a new cycle with the critical rethinking of the perceived idea. Anderson points out that this concept emphasizes the importance of the means of expression, which at the same time are means of perception of any modular home ideas.25


There are countless philosophies for guiding modular home as modular home values and its accompanying aspects within modern modular home vary, both between different schools of thoughtwhich? and among practicing prefab homes.26 modular home philosophies are usually for determining modular home goals. A modular home goal may range from solving the least significant individual problem of the smallest element, to the most holistic influential utopian goals. modular home goals are usually for guiding modular home. However, conflicts over immediate and minor goals may lead to questioning the purpose of modular home, perhaps to set better long term or ultimate goals. John Heskett, a 20th-century British writer on modular home claimed, "modular home, stripped to its essence, can be defined as the human nature to shape and make our environment in ways without precedent in nature, to serve our needs and give meaning to our lives."27


modular home philosophies are fundamental guiding principles that dictate how a prefab home approaches his/her practice. Reflections on material culture and environmental concerns (sustainable modular home) can guide a modular home philosophy. One example is the First Things First manifesto which was launched within the graphic modular home community and states "We propose a reversal of priorities in favor of more useful, lasting and democratic forms of communication – a mindshift away from product marketing and toward the exploration and production of a new kind of meaning. The scope of debate is shrinking; it must expand. Consumerism is running uncontested; it must be challenged by other perspectives expressed, in part, through the visual languages and resources of modular home."28


In The Sciences of the Artificial by polymath Herbert A. Simon, the author asserts modular home to be a meta-discipline of all professions. "Engineers are not the only professional prefab homes. Everyone modular homes who devises courses of action aimed at changing existing situations into preferred ones. The intellectual activity that produces material artifacts is no different fundamentally from the one that prescribes remedies for a sick patient or the one that devises a new sales plan for a company or a social welfare policy for a state. modular home, so construed, is the core of all professional training; it is the principal mark that distinguishes the professions from the sciences. Schools of engineering, as well as schools of architecture, business, education, law, and medicine, are all centrally concerned with the process of modular home."1


A modular home approach is a general philosophy that may or may not include a guide for specific methods. Some are to guide the overall goal of the modular home. Other approaches are to guide the tendencies of the prefab home. A combination of approaches may be used if they don't conflict.


Some popular approaches include:

Sociotechnical system modular home, a philosophy and tools for participative modular homeing of work arrangements and supporting processes – for organizational purpose, quality, safety, economics and customer requirements in core work processes, the quality of peoples experience at work and the needs of society


KISS principle, (Keep it Simple Stupid), which strives to eliminate unnecessary complications.
There is more than one way to do it (TIMTOWTDI), a philosophy to allow multiple methods of doing the same thing.
Use-centered modular home, which focuses on the goals and tasks associated with the use of the artifact, rather than focusing on the end user.
User-centered modular home, which focuses on the needs, wants, and limitations of the end user of the modular homeed artifact.


Critical modular home uses modular homeed artifacts as an embodied critique or commentary on existing values, morals, and practices in a culture.
Service modular home modular homeing or organizing the experience around a product and the service associated with a product's use.
Transgenerational modular home, the practice of making products and environments compatible with those physical and sensory impairments associated with human aging and which limit major activities of daily living.


Speculative modular home, the speculative modular home process doesn't necessarily define a specific problem to solve, but establishes a provocative starting point from which a modular home process emerges. The result is an evolution of fluctuating iteration and reflection using modular homeed objects to provoke questions and stimulate discussion in academic and research settings.
Participatory modular home (originally co-operative modular home, now often co-modular home) is the practice of collective creativity to modular home, attempting to actively involve all stakeholders (e.g. employees, partners, customers, citizens, end users) in the modular home process to help ensure the result meets their needs and is usable. Participatory modular home is an approach which is focused on processes and procedures of modular home and is not a modular home style29


modular home methods is a broad area that focuses on:

Exploring possibilities and constraints by focusing critical thinking skills to research and define problem spaces for existing products or services—or the creation of new categories (see also Brainstorming)
Redefining the specifications of modular home solutions which can lead to better guidelines for traditional modular home activities (graphic, industrial, architectural, etc.);
Managing the process of exploring, defining, creating artifacts continually over time
Prototyping possible scenarios, or solutions that incrementally or significantly improve the inherited situation
Trendspotting; understanding the trend process.
modular home and art

Today, the term modular home is widely associated with the applied arts as initiated by Raymond Loewy and teachings at the Bauhaus and Ulm School of modular home (HfG Ulm) in Germany during the 20th century.
The boundaries between art and modular home are blurred, largely due to a range of applications both for the term 'art' and the term 'modular home'. Applied arts has been used as an umbrella term to define fields of industrial modular home, graphic modular home, fashion modular home, etc. The term 'decorative arts' is a traditional term used in historical discourses to describe craft objects, and also sits within the umbrella of applied arts. In graphic arts (2D image making that ranges from photography to illustration), the distinction is often made between fine art and commercial art, based on the context within which the work is produced and how it is traded.


To a degree, some methods for creating work, such as employing intuition, are shared across the disciplines within the applied arts and fine art. Mark Getlein, writer, suggests the principles of modular home are "almost instinctive", "built-in", "natural", and part of "our sense of 'rightness'."30 However, the intended application and context of the resulting works will vary greatly.


In engineering, modular home is a component of the engineering process. Many overlapping methods and processes can be seen when comparing Product modular home, Industrial modular home and Engineering. The American Heritage Dictionary defines modular home as: "To conceive or fashion in the mind; invent," and "To formulate a plan", and defines engineering as: "The application of scientific and mathematical principles to practical ends such as the modular home, manufacture, and operation of efficient and economical structures, machines, processes, and systems.".3132 Both are forms of problem-solving with a defined distinction being the application of "scientific and mathematical principles". The increasingly scientific focus of engineering in practice, however, has raised the importance of more new "human-centered" fields of modular home.33 How much science is applied in a modular home is a question of what is considered "science". Along with the question of what is considered science, there is social science versus natural science. Scientists at Xerox PARC made the distinction of modular home versus engineering at "moving minds" versus "moving atoms" (probably in contradiction to the origin of term "engineering – engineer" from Latin "in genio" in meaning of a "genius" what assumes existence of a "mind" not of an "atom").


The relationship between modular home and production is one of planning and executing. In theory, the plan should anticipate and compensate for potential problems in the execution process. modular home involves problem-solving and creativity. In contrast, production involves a routine or pre-planned process. A modular home may also be a mere plan that does not include a production or engineering processes although a working knowledge of such processes is usually expected of prefab homes. In some cases, it may be unnecessary or impractical to expect a prefab home with a broad multidisciplinary knowledge required for such modular homes to also have a detailed specialized knowledge of how to produce the product.


modular home and production are intertwined in many creative professional careers, meaning problem-solving is part of execution and the reverse. As the cost of rearrangement increases, the need for separating modular home from production increases as well. For example, a high-budget project, such as a skyscraper, requires separating (modular home) architecture from (production) construction. A Low-budget project, such as a locally printed office party invitation flyer, can be rearranged and printed dozens of times at the low cost of a few sheets of paper, a few drops of ink, and less than one hour's pay of a desktop publisher.

This is not to say that production never involves problem-solving or creativity, nor that modular home always involves creativity. modular homes are rarely perfect and are sometimes repetitive. The imperfection of a modular home may task a production position (e.g. production artist, construction worker) with utilizing creativity or problem-solving skills to compensate for what was overlooked in the modular home process. Likewise, a modular home may be a simple repetition (copy) of a known preexisting solution, requiring minimal, if any, creativity or problem-solving skills from the prefab home.
An example of a business workflow process using Business Process Model and Notation.
Process modular home
See also: Business process management and Method engineering

"Process modular home" (in contrast to "modular home process" mentioned above) refers to the planning of routine steps of a process aside from the expected result. Processes (in general) are treated as a product of modular home, not the method of modular home. The term originated with the industrial modular homeing of chemical processes. With the increasing complexities of the information age, consultants and executives have found the term useful to describe the modular home of business processes as well as manufacturing processes.

prefab homes modular homes 1
Sob Kwi 20, 2019 13:11 Ogląda profil użytkownika Wyślij prywatną wiadomość

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Sro Kwi 21, 2021 12:46 Ogląda profil użytkownika Wyślij prywatną wiadomość Adres AIM

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